Exploring the History and Significance of the People’s Committee Building in Saigon

Welcome to our family travel blog! Today, we’re taking you on a journey through the history and significance of the People’s Committee Building in Saigon, a landmark that holds a special place in the heart of this vibrant city. Join us as we delve into the past and present of this iconic structure.

A Glimpse of Saigon’s Past:

Saigon, now known as Ho Chi Minh City, has a rich and complex history. The city has witnessed numerous transformations, from being a small fishing village in the 17th century to a bustling metropolis in the 21st century. Its history is intertwined with periods of French colonial rule, Japanese occupation during World War II, and the Vietnam War.

The People’s Committee Building: A Symbol of Saigon’s History:

  1. French Colonial Influence: The People’s Committee Building, or the “Hôtel de Ville” as it was known during the French colonial period, was built between 1902 and 1908. Designed by architect Gardès in a neoclassical style, it was intended to be a symbol of French grandeur and sophistication in Indochina.
  2. Significance During the Vietnam War: The building gained worldwide recognition during the Vietnam War when it was famously depicted in photographs of the American evacuation of Saigon in 1975. Helicopters were seen landing on the rooftop in a desperate attempt to evacuate Americans and Vietnamese citizens.

The Post-War Transformation:

After the fall of Saigon, the city was renamed Ho Chi Minh City, and the People’s Committee Building underwent a transformation. It was no longer a symbol of colonialism but became a symbol of the people’s unity and the communist government.

Key Features and Architectural Significance:

  1. Neoclassical Architecture: The building features neoclassical architectural elements, such as grand columns, a majestic facade, and a clock tower that still stands as a symbol of the city.
  2. Statue of Ho Chi Minh: At the front of the building, you’ll find a statue of Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam’s founding father, an important figure in the country’s history. It’s a popular spot for locals and tourists alike to take photographs.
  3. Iconic Rooftop Helipad: The rooftop helipad, famous for the evacuation scenes during the Vietnam War, is a significant feature, serving as a stark reminder of the city’s tumultuous past.

Visiting the People’s Committee Building:

  1. Location: The building is situated in the heart of Ho Chi Minh City, near landmarks such as Notre-Dame Cathedral Basilica of Saigon and the Central Post Office.
  2. Guided Tours: Consider taking a guided tour of the building to learn more about its history and significance. English-speaking guides are available to provide insights.
  3. Photo Opportunities: Don’t forget to capture the breathtaking architecture and the iconic statue of Ho Chi Minh.


The People’s Committee Building in Saigon is not just a historical relic but a living testament to the city’s enduring spirit and resilience. Its transformation from a symbol of colonial rule to a representation of unity and the people’s government mirrors the city’s journey through the decades. When you visit Ho Chi Minh City, take some time to explore this remarkable landmark, and you’ll gain a deeper appreciation for the history and significance it holds. We hope you’ve enjoyed this journey through history with us on our family travel blog!