Ireland Travel Guide – Everything You Need to Know

Ireland, a land of captivating landscapes, rich history, and warm hospitality, beckons travelers from around the world. This enchanting island, with its rolling green hills, ancient castles, and lively cities, offers a journey filled with culture, music, and natural beauty.

What’s the Best Time to Visit? 📅

The best time to visit Ireland as a tourist largely depends on your preferences and what you want to experience. Here are some factors to consider for each season:

  1. Summer (June to August):
    • Summer is the peak tourist season in Ireland, and it’s the best time for outdoor activities and exploring the countryside.
    • The days are long, with up to 18 hours of daylight in some parts, allowing for more sightseeing.
    • This is also when many festivals and events take place, and you can enjoy the lush, green landscapes.
  2. Spring (March to May) and Autumn (September to November):
    • These shoulder seasons offer a good compromise between decent weather and fewer crowds.
    • Spring brings blooming flowers and milder temperatures, while autumn offers beautiful foliage and harvest festivals.
    • This is an excellent time for scenic drives, cultural events, and more affordable accommodations.
  3. Winter (December to February):
    • Winter is the least crowded time to visit Ireland, and it’s perfect for travelers who enjoy cozy pub nights and holiday festivals.
    • While the weather can be cold and wet, you can still explore cities and enjoy indoor attractions like museums, historic sites, and traditional music sessions.
    • The chance of encountering snow is low, and you may even catch a glimpse of the Northern Lights in the far north.

Ultimately, the best time to visit Ireland depends on your interests and the type of experience you’re seeking. Whether you prefer pleasant weather, vibrant festivals, or a quieter, more budget-friendly trip, Ireland has something to offer throughout the year.

What’s the Best Way to Get Around? 🚌

Getting around Ireland as a tourist is relatively straightforward, and you have several transportation options to choose from, depending on your preferences and itinerary. Here are the main ways to get around:

  1. Renting a Car: Renting a car is a popular choice, especially if you want to explore rural areas and have the flexibility to visit off-the-beaten-path destinations. Ireland has an extensive network of well-maintained roads, and driving allows you to set your own schedule.
  2. Public Transportation: Ireland has a reliable public transportation system, including buses and trains. You can use Dublin Bus for city travel, and Bus Éireann or private coach services for intercity travel. Irish Rail operates the train network connecting major cities.
  3. Hop-On, Hop-Off Buses: In Dublin and other major cities, you can use hop-on, hop-off tour buses to explore key attractions and get commentary on the sites.
  4. Taxis and Ride-Sharing Services: Taxis are widely available, especially in cities. You can also use ride-sharing services like Uber in some areas.
  5. Bicycles: In cities and tourist destinations, you can rent bicycles for a more eco-friendly and leisurely way to explore.
  6. Ferries: If you plan to visit the Aran Islands, the Skellig Islands, or other coastal destinations, you’ll need to take a ferry. These services operate seasonally and are a unique way to experience Ireland’s islands.
  7. Domestic Flights: If you’re short on time and want to cover large distances quickly, domestic flights are available between major cities and some regional airports.
  8. Guided Tours: Joining guided tours is an excellent way to explore Ireland’s highlights without worrying about transportation. Tour operators offer a variety of options, including day trips and multi-day tours.

When choosing your mode of transportation, consider factors like your itinerary, the regions you plan to visit, your comfort level with driving, and whether you want to immerse yourself in the local culture by using public transportation. In urban areas like Dublin, you can rely on a combination of public transport, walking, and taxis to get around.

What’s the Official Language?

Ireland has two official languages: Irish (Gaeilge) and English. English is the most widely spoken and understood language, particularly in urban areas and among tourists. Here are some common English words and phrases that can be useful for tourists in Ireland:

  1. Hello – Dia dhuit (pronounced dee-ah gwitch)
  2. Good morning – Maidin mhaith (pronounced mah-din wah)
  3. Good afternoon – Tráthnóna maith (pronounced traw-noh-nah mah)
  4. Good evening – Tráthnóna maith (pronounced traw-noh-nah mah)
  5. Good night – Oíche mhaith (pronounced ee-ha wah)
  6. Please – Le do thoil (pronounced leh duh hull)
  7. Thank you – Go raibh maith agat (pronounced goh rev mah ag-it)
  8. Yes – Tá (pronounced thaw)
  9. No – Níl (pronounced neel)
  10. Excuse me – Gabh mo leithscéal (pronounced gav muh lesh-kale)
  11. I’m sorry – Tá brón orm (pronounced thaw brohn ohrm)
  12. How much does this cost? – Cá mhéad atá sé seo? (pronounced caw vayd ah-taw shay shuh?)
  13. Where is the restroom? – Cá bhfuil an leithreas? (pronounced caw will ahn leh-riss?)
  14. I need help – Tá cabhair uaim (pronounced thaw kaw-er oo-um)
  15. I don’t understand – Ní thuigim (pronounced nee huh-gim)

It’s important to note that while English is widely spoken, especially in tourist areas, you may still encounter Irish (Gaeilge) signs and hear the Irish language in some regions, particularly in Gaeltacht areas. Learning a few basic phrases in Irish can be appreciated, but it’s not a necessity for tourists, as English is the primary language for communication in Ireland.

Where to Stay? 🏨

Ireland offers a wide range of accommodations to suit various tastes and budgets. Where you choose to stay depends on your preferences and the regions you plan to visit. Here are some options for places to stay in Ireland as a tourist:

  1. Hotels: Ireland has a diverse selection of hotels, ranging from luxury five-star options to more budget-friendly establishments. You’ll find hotels in major cities, towns, and popular tourist destinations.
  2. Bed and Breakfasts (B&Bs): Staying in a B&B is a popular choice, especially for travelers seeking a more personal and authentic experience. They are scattered throughout the country and often include a hearty Irish breakfast.
  3. Guesthouses: Guesthouses offer comfortable accommodations with a personal touch. You can find them in various sizes and price ranges.
  4. Hostels: Hostels are an excellent option for budget travelers. They provide dormitory-style rooms as well as private rooms. Many hostels have communal areas, which make them great places to meet fellow travelers.
  5. Self-Catering Accommodations: If you prefer a more independent experience, consider renting a cottage, apartment, or holiday home. These accommodations are ideal for families or groups.
  6. Country Houses and Manors: Ireland has many charming country houses and manors that offer a luxurious and peaceful escape in rural settings.
  7. Castle Stays: Experience the magic of Ireland by staying in a castle. Many castles have been converted into unique accommodations, providing a glimpse into the country’s rich history.
  8. Farm Stays: Staying on a working farm can offer a unique opportunity to connect with the local culture and experience rural life.
  9. Camping: Camping is an option in Ireland, with many well-maintained campsites. It’s ideal if you enjoy the outdoors and have a tent or camper.
  10. Glamping: For a more luxurious outdoor experience, try glamping in unique and well-appointed safari tents, yurts, or cabins.
  11. University Accommodations: Some universities offer accommodations during the summer months, providing affordable and centrally located options.

When deciding where to stay in Ireland, consider your itinerary, the regions you plan to explore, and your budget. Ireland offers a wide range of accommodations to suit every traveler’s needs and preferences. Be sure to book your accommodations in advance, especially during peak tourist seasons.

What to Eat? 🍽️

Ireland offers a range of delicious and hearty dishes that are a must-try for tourists looking to explore the country’s culinary traditions. Here are some iconic Irish foods to savor:

  1. Irish Stew: A traditional Irish dish made with tender lamb or beef, potatoes, onions, and carrots, slow-cooked in a savory broth. It’s a comforting and hearty meal.
  2. Boxty: These potato pancakes can be served as a side dish or for breakfast. They’re made with grated potatoes and can be filled with a variety of ingredients, such as bacon or cheese.
  3. Coddle: A one-pot dish often associated with Dublin, coddle consists of sausages, bacon, onions, and potatoes simmered in a flavorful broth. It’s a simple and satisfying meal.
  4. Soda Bread: This quick bread is a staple in Irish cuisine. It’s made with basic ingredients like flour, baking soda, buttermilk, and salt. It can be enjoyed with butter and jam.
  5. Black Pudding and White Pudding: Black pudding is a sausage made from pig’s blood and oats, while white pudding is a similar sausage without the blood. Both are typically served as part of an Irish breakfast.
  6. Seafood: Ireland’s coastline provides an abundance of fresh seafood. Try dishes like smoked salmon, seafood chowder, or Dublin Bay prawns.
  7. Bacon and Cabbage: A classic Irish dish featuring boiled bacon, cabbage, and sometimes potatoes, served with a white sauce.
  8. Irish Coffee: This delightful after-dinner drink consists of hot coffee, Irish whiskey, sugar, and topped with a layer of cream. It’s the perfect way to warm up on a chilly day.
  9. Colcannon: Mashed potatoes mixed with cabbage or kale and often flavored with butter and scallions. It’s a popular side dish in Ireland.
  10. Lamb: Ireland is known for its high-quality lamb. Try lamb dishes like roast leg of lamb, lamb chops, or lamb stew.
  11. Irish Cheese: Ireland produces a variety of excellent cheeses, such as Cashel Blue, Dubliner, and Durrus. Enjoy them with crusty bread and chutney.
  12. Guinness Pie: A hearty pie made with tender beef stewed in Guinness stout, vegetables, and a puff pastry crust.
  13. Irish Whiskey: Ireland is famous for its whiskey. Visit a distillery to sample different brands and learn about the whiskey-making process.
  14. Irish Cream Liqueur: Don’t miss the opportunity to try Irish cream liqueurs like Baileys. They’re often enjoyed on the rocks or used in coffee.
  15. Potato Dishes: Given Ireland’s historical reliance on potatoes, you’ll find a variety of potato dishes, including potato farls and champ (mashed potatoes with scallions).

Exploring the local cuisine is an integral part of your Irish experience. Be sure to pair these dishes with a pint of Guinness or some live traditional music at a local pub for the full cultural immersion.

What to See? 🔍

Ireland is renowned for its stunning landscapes, historic sites, and vibrant cities. Here are some must-see places in Ireland for tourists:

  1. Cliffs of Moher: These iconic cliffs on the west coast of Ireland offer breathtaking views of the Atlantic Ocean. They are a natural wonder and a must-visit for any traveler.
  2. The Ring of Kerry: Drive or cycle along the Ring of Kerry to witness some of Ireland’s most picturesque landscapes, including lush valleys, lakes, and coastal cliffs.
  3. Giant’s Causeway: Located in Northern Ireland, this UNESCO World Heritage site features hexagonal basalt columns formed by volcanic activity. It’s a geological marvel and a top attraction.
  4. Dublin: Explore the capital city of Dublin, known for its vibrant culture, historic landmarks like Trinity College and the Book of Kells, and lively pubs.
  5. Blarney Castle: Kiss the Blarney Stone to gain the “gift of gab” at this medieval castle in County Cork. The castle’s gardens are also worth a visit.
  6. Killarney National Park: Discover the natural beauty of this national park, home to lakes, forests, and the stunning Muckross House and Gardens.
  7. Kilkenny: Explore Kilkenny’s charming medieval streets, visit Kilkenny Castle, and enjoy the vibrant arts and crafts scene.
  8. The Burren: This unique karst landscape in County Clare is known for its distinctive rock formations and rare flora. It’s a haven for hikers and nature enthusiasts.
  9. Aran Islands: These islands off the west coast offer a glimpse into traditional Irish culture and provide stunning coastal views. Inishmore is the largest and most visited island.
  10. Newgrange: This prehistoric burial mound in County Meath is older than Stonehenge and the Egyptian pyramids, making it an essential historical site.
  11. Glendalough: Explore the ruins of this ancient monastic settlement, nestled in a beautiful valley in County Wicklow.
  12. Dingle Peninsula: Drive the Dingle Peninsula to experience rugged cliffs, sandy beaches, and charming fishing villages like Dingle.
  13. Rock of Cashel: This historic site in County Tipperary is home to a collection of medieval buildings, including a striking round tower and cathedral.
  14. Galway: Enjoy the lively atmosphere of Galway, a city known for its music, festivals, and vibrant arts scene. Stroll through the Latin Quarter and attend a traditional music session.
  15. The Dark Hedges: Visit this enchanting avenue of beech trees in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, known for its appearance in “Game of Thrones.”

These are just a few of the must-see places in Ireland, but the country’s natural beauty and rich history offer an array of experiences for every traveler. Whether you’re interested in scenic landscapes, historic landmarks, or vibrant urban life, Ireland has something to captivate your interest.

What to Do? 📸

When visiting Ireland, there are several must-do activities and experiences that will help you make the most of your trip. Here are some top things to do as a tourist in Ireland:

  1. Enjoy a Pint of Guinness: Savoring a pint of the iconic Irish stout, Guinness, in a traditional pub is a quintessential Irish experience. Don’t forget to admire the artistry of a well-poured pint.
  2. Listen to Live Music: Ireland is renowned for its music scene. Spend an evening in a pub, enjoying traditional Irish music, folk tunes, and lively sessions. Cities like Dublin and Galway offer a variety of music venues.
  3. Take a Scenic Drive: Embark on a road trip along the Wild Atlantic Way or the Ring of Kerry for some of the most picturesque coastal scenery in the world. Stop at viewpoints and explore charming villages along the way.
  4. Visit Castles: Ireland is dotted with historic castles and fortresses. Explore iconic sites like Blarney Castle, Bunratty Castle, and the Rock of Cashel to step back in time.
  5. Hike the Countryside: Ireland boasts stunning natural landscapes. Lace up your hiking boots and explore the countryside. Trails like the Cliffs of Moher Coastal Walk and the Giant’s Causeway Coastal Path offer unforgettable views.
  6. Kiss the Blarney Stone: At Blarney Castle, lean backward to kiss the Blarney Stone and receive the “gift of gab” or eloquence. Explore the beautiful castle grounds as well.
  7. Sample Irish Whiskey: Discover the world of Irish whiskey by taking a distillery tour. Enjoy tastings and learn about the history of this famous spirit.
  8. Tour the Guinness Storehouse: Visit the Guinness Storehouse in Dublin to learn about the brewing process, enjoy interactive exhibits, and finish your tour at the Gravity Bar with panoramic city views.
  9. Experience Irish Folklore: Join a traditional storytelling session or attend a performance showcasing Irish folklore, legends, and myths.
  10. Discover Ancient Sites: Explore megalithic tombs, ancient stone circles, and burial mounds like Newgrange and Carrowmore.
  11. Shop for Handcrafted Goods: Ireland is known for its craft traditions. Look for locally made products like Aran sweaters, Waterford Crystal, and handmade pottery.
  12. Visit Museums and Galleries: Immerse yourself in Irish history and art by visiting museums like the National Museum of Ireland and the Irish Museum of Modern Art in Dublin.
  13. Stroll Through Parks and Gardens: Relax in beautiful parks and gardens such as the Powerscourt Estate in Wicklow or the National Botanic Gardens in Dublin.
  14. Attend Festivals: Check the calendar for local festivals and events happening during your visit. Events like the St. Patrick’s Day Parade and the Galway International Arts Festival are highlights.
  15. Go Whale Watching: Head to coastal towns like Dingle or Baltimore for the chance to spot whales and dolphins on a guided boat tour.
  16. Horseback Riding: Experience the Irish countryside on horseback with guided rides suitable for all levels of riders.
  17. Take a Traditional Afternoon Tea: Enjoy a quintessentially Irish afternoon tea in a historic setting, such as the Shelbourne Hotel in Dublin.
  18. Explore Aran Islands: Take a ferry to the Aran Islands to experience traditional Irish culture, see ancient stone forts, and enjoy scenic views.

These are just a few of the many wonderful things to do in Ireland. The country’s rich culture, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality ensure a memorable experience for every tourist.

Culture and Safety 🦺

Traveling to Ireland as a tourist is generally safe, and the country is known for its welcoming and friendly culture. However, it’s important to be aware of cultural aspects and safety considerations to ensure a smooth and enjoyable visit:


  1. Friendliness: The Irish people are renowned for their warm and friendly nature. Don’t be surprised if you strike up a conversation with a local in a pub or on the street.
  2. Pub Culture: The pub is a central part of Irish culture. It’s not just a place for drinks but also for socializing, storytelling, and often live music. Join the locals for a pint of Guinness or a traditional session.
  3. Respect: Show respect for local customs and traditions. The Irish place a high value on manners and politeness. A simple “please” and “thank you” go a long way.
  4. Craic: The term “craic” (pronounced “crack”) means fun or enjoyment. It’s a common word in Ireland and reflects the lively, good-humored atmosphere you’ll often find in pubs and social gatherings.
  5. Punctuality: Punctuality is appreciated. If you have an appointment or a tour, be on time.
  6. Language: While English is the primary language, Ireland is a bilingual country, and you may encounter Irish (Gaeilge) signs and place names. Learning a few basic phrases in Irish can be appreciated but is not a necessity.


  1. Low Crime Rate: Ireland is considered a safe destination with a low crime rate. Nevertheless, exercise normal precautions, such as safeguarding your belongings and being aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded urban areas.
  2. Weather Awareness: Be prepared for Ireland’s often-changing weather. Bring clothing for varying conditions, including rain, and check weather forecasts.
  3. Road Safety: If you plan to rent a car and drive, remember that Ireland drives on the left side of the road. Familiarize yourself with the road signs, and drive cautiously, especially in rural areas.
  4. Emergency Services: Ireland has a well-functioning emergency service, accessible by dialing 112. In case of an emergency, do not hesitate to call for help.
  5. Nature Safety: If you’re exploring the countryside, be aware of the terrain and weather conditions. Stick to marked trails and follow safety guidelines, especially if hiking or exploring coastal areas.
  6. Alcohol Consumption: If you’re enjoying a drink, do so responsibly. Public intoxication is not well-received.
  7. Wildlife: Ireland has a variety of wildlife, including seals and birds. Keep a safe distance and do not disturb or feed them.
  8. Tide Safety: Be cautious when swimming in the sea. Ireland’s waters can be dangerous due to strong currents and rapidly changing tides.
  9. Cultural Sensitivity: Respect cultural and religious customs. Dress modestly when visiting churches and religious sites.
  10. Healthcare: Ireland has a high standard of healthcare. Ensure you have travel insurance to cover any unexpected medical expenses.

Overall, Ireland offers a safe and welcoming environment for tourists. By embracing the local culture and being aware of safety considerations, you can have a memorable and enjoyable visit to the Emerald Isle.


For those who venture to Ireland, they embrace an experience that resonates with the soul, from lively pub sessions and the majesty of the Cliffs of Moher to the storytelling of history in Dublin’s museums. Ireland welcomes tourists with open arms, promising an adventure filled with laughter, tradition, and the enduring magic of the Emerald Isle.