Japan Travel Guide – Everything You Need to Know

Japan is a unique country that blends tradition and modernity, offering visitors a wealth of experiences. Visitors to Japan must have a valid passport and a visa, unless they are from one of the visa-exempt countries. It is important to check visa requirements before you go. The currency in Japan is the Japanese yen (JPY). Credit cards are widely accepted, but it’s a good idea to carry some cash, particularly when traveling in more rural areas.

What’s the Best Time to Visit? 📅

The best time to visit Japan depends on what you want to see and do, as each season offers a unique experience. Here’s a breakdown of each season:

  1. Spring (March to May): Spring is one of the most popular times to visit Japan, especially for the cherry blossom season which usually occurs in late March to early April. The weather is mild, and there are many outdoor events and festivals to enjoy.
  2. Summer (June to August): Summer is a great time to visit if you’re looking for beach activities or outdoor festivals. However, it can be very hot and humid in Japan during the summer months.
  3. Fall (September to November): Fall is another popular time to visit Japan, especially for its beautiful autumn foliage. The weather is cooler, and there are fewer crowds than in the spring.
  4. Winter (December to February): Winter is a great time to visit Japan if you’re interested in winter sports or want to experience the country’s famous onsen (hot springs). However, it can be very cold and snowy in some regions of Japan.

Overall, the best time to visit Japan is either in the spring or fall. The weather is mild, and there are many cultural events and festivals to enjoy. However, it’s important to keep in mind that these are also the busiest times, so accommodations and transportation may be more expensive and crowded.

What’s the Best Way to Get Around? 🚌

Japan has an excellent public transportation system, which makes it easy for tourists to get around the country. Here are some of the most popular transportation options for tourists in Japan:

  1. Train: Japan’s train network is extensive and efficient, with both local and long-distance trains connecting all major cities and towns. Japan Rail Pass is a great option for visitors to save money on train travel.
  2. Subway: Major cities in Japan, including Tokyo, Osaka, and Kyoto, have subway systems that are easy to navigate and provide quick and convenient transport around the city.
  3. Bus: Buses are a good option for travel to more remote areas of Japan where train services may not be available.
  4. Taxis: Taxis in Japan are generally clean, safe, and reliable, but they can be expensive compared to other forms of transportation.
  5. Bicycle: Biking is a great way to explore Japan’s smaller towns and rural areas. Bike rentals are widely available, and many cities have dedicated bike paths.

Overall, Japan’s public transportation system is safe, clean, and efficient, making it easy for tourists to explore the country.

What’s the Official Language?

Japanese is the official language of Japan, but English is widely spoken, particularly in major cities and tourist areas. Here are some useful phrases in Japanese that can be helpful for tourists:

  1. Hello: Konnichiwa
  2. Thank you: Arigatou gozaimasu
  3. Excuse me: Sumimasen
  4. Yes: Hai
  5. No: Iie
  6. Please: Onegaishimasu
  7. Sorry: Gomen nasai
  8. How much does it cost?: Ikura desu ka?
  9. Where is the restroom?: Toire wa doko desu ka?
  10. Can you help me?: Tetsudatte kudasai.

These basic phrases can help you communicate with the locals during your trip to Japan. Additionally, learning a few simple greetings and phrases can also show respect for the local culture and customs. It’s always a good idea to have a pocket-sized phrasebook or to download a language learning app before your trip.

Where to Stay? 🏨

Japan has a wide range of accommodation options to suit every budget and preference. Here are some of the best accommodation options to consider when visiting Japan for a holiday:

  1. Ryokan: A traditional Japanese inn that offers a unique cultural experience. Ryokans typically have tatami-matted rooms, communal hot spring baths, and serve kaiseki cuisine.
  2. Capsule hotels: A popular and affordable option for solo travelers. Capsule hotels offer small, pod-like rooms with basic amenities.
  3. Business hotels: Similar to western-style hotels, business hotels offer small but comfortable rooms with all necessary amenities.
  4. Airbnb: Many locals in Japan offer their homes or apartments on Airbnb, which can provide a more authentic experience and often a more spacious and comfortable accommodation option.
  5. Luxury hotels: Japan has some of the most luxurious hotels in the world, offering exceptional service, amenities, and often stunning views.

No matter which type of accommodation you choose, it’s always a good idea to book well in advance, especially during peak travel seasons.

What to Eat? 🍽️

Japanese cuisine is famous around the world for its freshness, flavor, and presentation. Each region of Japan has its own unique culinary traditions, so be sure to try local specialties wherever you go. Here are some must-try foods when in Japan for a holiday:

  1. Sushi – Japan’s most famous dish, consisting of fresh raw fish served on vinegared rice.
  2. Ramen – A popular noodle soup dish with many regional variations.
  3. Tempura – Deep-fried seafood or vegetables coated in a light batter.
  4. Okonomiyaki – A savory pancake made with cabbage, meat, seafood, and other ingredients.
  5. Yakitori – Grilled skewered chicken, often seasoned with soy sauce or salt.
  6. Takoyaki – Small, round balls of batter filled with pieces of octopus, ginger, and green onion.
  7. Soba or Udon Noodles – Japanese noodles made from buckwheat or wheat flour, often served in a hot soup.
  8. Katsu Curry – A dish of breaded and fried pork cutlets served with a thick curry sauce.
  9. Mochi – A sweet rice cake often filled with sweet red bean paste.
  10. Matcha – A type of green tea, often served as a powdered tea or in desserts like matcha ice cream.
  11. Wagyu Beef – A high-quality and expensive type of Japanese beef known for its marbling and tenderness.
  12. Onigiri – Rice balls often filled with savory ingredients like pickled plum, tuna, or salmon.
  13. Shabu-Shabu – A hot pot dish of thinly sliced meat and vegetables cooked in a broth and dipped in sauce.
  14. Sake – A traditional Japanese rice wine, often served with meals or enjoyed on its own.

What to See? 🔍

  1. Tokyo – Japan’s capital city, with a bustling cityscape, futuristic architecture, and numerous attractions like the Imperial Palace, Shibuya Crossing, and Tokyo Skytree.
  2. Kyoto – A city in central Japan known for its traditional temples, shrines, and gardens, including Kinkaku-ji (the Golden Pavilion) and Fushimi Inari-taisha.
  3. Hiroshima – A city in western Japan that was devastated by the atomic bomb in 1945 but has since been rebuilt into a peaceful and beautiful city with historical sites like the Peace Memorial Park and the Hiroshima Castle.
  4. Mount Fuji – An iconic mountain and Japan’s highest peak, located west of Tokyo. It is a popular hiking destination and offers breathtaking views from its summit.
  5. Osaka – A modern city in western Japan known for its vibrant street food scene, amusement parks, and Osaka Castle.
  6. Nara – A city near Kyoto with many ancient temples and shrines, including the Todai-ji Temple, which houses the world’s largest bronze Buddha statue.
  7. Hokkaido – Japan’s northernmost island, famous for its stunning natural beauty, including national parks, hot springs, and ski resorts.
  8. Miyajima – A small island near Hiroshima with a famous shrine gate (torii) that appears to float on the water during high tide, making for a beautiful photo opportunity.
  9. Kamakura – A historic city south of Tokyo with many temples and shrines, including the Great Buddha statue at Kotoku-in Temple.
  10. Takayama – A picturesque town in the Japanese Alps known for its traditional architecture, sake breweries, and beautiful surrounding scenery.

What to Do? 📸

  1. Explore the Cities – Japan’s cities are known for their unique blend of modern and traditional culture. Visit Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, and other cities to experience their distinct atmospheres.
  2. Visit Temples and Shrines – Japan has thousands of temples and shrines, each with its own history and architecture. Some of the must-see temples include Kiyomizu-dera and Fushimi Inari Taisha in Kyoto, Sensoji Temple in Tokyo, and Todaiji Temple in Nara.
  3. Enjoy Japanese Food – Japan has a rich and diverse food culture, including sushi, ramen, tempura, and many others. Try different regional specialties and experience a traditional Japanese tea ceremony.
  4. Relax in Onsen (Hot Springs) – Japan has many hot springs, or onsens, that are popular for relaxation and health benefits. Visit a traditional onsen ryokan, a Japanese-style inn, for a unique experience.
  5. Experience Cherry Blossom Season – Spring in Japan is famous for the cherry blossoms, or sakura, that bloom throughout the country. Visit parks and gardens to enjoy the stunning pink blossoms.
  6. Attend Festivals – Japan has many festivals throughout the year, celebrating everything from historical events to local harvests. Some of the popular festivals include the Gion Matsuri in Kyoto, the Sapporo Snow Festival, and the Awa Odori dance festival in Tokushima.
  7. Visit Mount Fuji – Mount Fuji is Japan’s highest peak and a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Visit during the climbing season or take a scenic bus tour to admire the stunning views.
  8. Explore Traditional Villages – Japan has many traditional villages, such as Shirakawago and Gokayama, with unique thatched-roof houses and traditional crafts.
  9. Shop for Souvenirs – Japan is known for its unique souvenirs, including traditional crafts, anime and manga merchandise, and electronics. Visit department stores, street markets, and specialty shops to find the perfect gift.
  10. Take a Bullet Train – Japan’s Shinkansen, or bullet trains, are a marvel of modern technology. Take a high-speed train ride for a unique experience and to explore more of the country.

Culture and Safety 🦺

Japan has a rich cultural heritage, and there are some customs and traditions that tourists should be aware of to show respect and avoid causing offense. Here are a few examples:

  1. Bowing: Bowing is an important part of Japanese culture and is used to show respect, gratitude, or apology. Tourists should try to bow when greeting someone, and the depth and duration of the bow can vary depending on the situation.
  2. Removing shoes: In Japan, it is customary to remove shoes before entering someone’s home or certain public spaces such as temples or traditional restaurants. Look for a shoe rack or area to store your shoes.
  3. Eating etiquette: When dining in Japan, it’s polite to say “itadakimasu” before eating and “gochisousama deshita” after finishing your meal. It’s also common to use chopsticks for eating, but there are specific rules for how to use them correctly.
  4. Respect for elders: Japan places a strong emphasis on respect for elders, so it’s important to be polite and courteous to older people. For example, offering a seat on public transportation is a common way to show respect.
  5. Personal space: Japan has a high-context culture where personal space is valued, so tourists should be mindful of their proximity to others in public spaces.

Overall, tourists should be respectful of Japanese culture and customs, especially in more traditional settings such as temples or when interacting with elders. 

Japan is generally a safe country for travelers, with low levels of crime and violence. However, it’s important to take precautions to protect yourself and your belongings, particularly in crowded tourist areas.


Japan is a fascinating destination with a unique culture and a wealth of attractions to explore. With a little preparation and planning, you can have an unforgettable trip to this amazing country.