Rwanda Travel Guide – Everything You Need to Know

Rwanda, often referred to as the “Land of a Thousand Hills,” is a captivating East African nation that has emerged as a premier destination for eco-tourism and wildlife enthusiasts. With its breathtaking landscapes, remarkable conservation efforts, and a compelling history of resilience, Rwanda beckons travelers to explore its lush forests, diverse wildlife, and vibrant culture.

What’s the Best Time to Visit? 📅

The best time to visit Rwanda as a tourist largely depends on your interests and what you’d like to experience. Rwanda’s climate is pleasant year-round due to its elevation, but there are distinct seasons to consider:

  1. Dry Season (June to September): This is the most popular time for tourists. The weather is generally dry and mild, making it ideal for gorilla trekking in Volcanoes National Park and other outdoor activities. The skies are clear, and wildlife is more visible in national parks.
  2. Short Rainy Season (October to November): This transitional period between dry and wet seasons can still be a good time to visit. The landscapes are lush and green, and you can avoid the crowds while enjoying relatively stable weather.
  3. Long Rainy Season (March to May): This is the rainy season with heavier rainfall, but it’s also the best time for birdwatching, as migratory birds arrive. Gorilla trekking is possible, but trails can be muddy and slippery.
  4. Long Dry Season (December to February): This is another excellent time to visit. The weather is dry, and temperatures are comfortable. It’s a great time for gorilla trekking, wildlife safaris, and cultural experiences.

The primary consideration for most tourists is the opportunity to go gorilla trekking, which is available year-round. However, it’s often recommended to plan your visit during the dry seasons (June to September or December to February) to enjoy better trekking conditions and clear views.

Rwanda’s climate remains relatively consistent, but it’s wise to be prepared for rain, especially during the wet seasons. Gorilla permits and accommodations in popular areas can be in high demand, so booking in advance is advisable. Ultimately, the best time to visit Rwanda depends on your interests and what experiences you seek in this beautiful country.

What’s the Best Way to Get Around? 🚌

Getting around Rwanda as a tourist is relatively easy, with various transportation options available to suit your preferences and budget. Here are the best ways to explore the country:

  1. Domestic Flights: If you need to cover longer distances quickly, domestic flights are available. RwandAir, the national airline, offers flights to multiple destinations within the country.
  2. Private Drivers and Taxis: Hiring a private driver or using taxis is a convenient and comfortable way to get around. It’s especially useful for airport transfers, day trips, or when exploring remote areas. You can arrange for a private driver through your hotel or tour operator.
  3. Motorcycle Taxis (Moto): In urban areas, motorcycle taxis (known as “motos”) are a popular and affordable mode of transportation. Be sure to wear a helmet and negotiate the fare before your ride.
  4. Local Buses: Rwanda has a network of public buses and minibuses (shared taxis) that connect major cities and towns. While they’re budget-friendly, be prepared for crowded and less comfortable conditions.
  5. Hire a Car: Renting a car is an option for those who want the flexibility to explore independently. Roads are generally in good condition, but driving in Rwanda can be challenging due to hilly terrain and the need to share the road with pedestrians and cyclists. Ensure you have a valid international driver’s license.
  6. Mototaxis (Boda-Bodas): Boda-bodas are motorcycle taxis primarily used for short distances within cities. They are often faster than traditional taxis in heavy traffic, but be cautious about safety and wear a helmet.
  7. Rwandan Cultural Experience (RCE) Buses: RCE buses are colorful, cultural-themed buses that offer a unique, affordable, and immersive way to travel between major cities.
  8. Walking: In cities and towns, exploring on foot is a great way to soak up local culture and discover hidden gems. Ensure your belongings are secure, especially in crowded areas.
  9. Guided Tours: Many tour operators offer guided tours that include transportation to popular attractions and activities. This is a convenient way to experience Rwanda’s beauty and culture.
  10. Bicycles: In areas like Musanze (formerly Ruhengeri) and Huye (Butare), you can rent bicycles for exploring at your own pace, especially if you’re interested in outdoor activities.

When traveling in Rwanda, especially in rural areas, it’s essential to plan your routes in advance, as road signs and infrastructure can vary. In larger cities like Kigali, traffic congestion is common, so allow extra time for your journeys. Be prepared for some hilly terrain and be cautious on winding mountain roads. Overall, transportation in Rwanda is generally reliable and provides access to the country’s stunning landscapes and cultural experiences.

What’s the Official Language?

The official languages of Rwanda are Kinyarwanda, French, and English. Kinyarwanda is the most widely spoken language, and it’s used in everyday communication. French was historically the language of administration, and English has gained prominence in recent years, especially in education and business.

Here are some basic words and phrases in Kinyarwanda and English that can be useful for tourists in Rwanda:

Kinyarwanda Phrases:

  1. Hello – “Mwaramutse” (in the morning), “Mwiriwe” (in the afternoon), “Mwiriwe” (in the evening).
  2. Yes – “Yego”
  3. No – “Oya”
  4. Thank you – “Murakoze”
  5. Please – “Mwakoze”
  6. Excuse me – “Nshaka imbabazi”
  7. Goodbye – “Murabeho”
  8. How much is this? – “Ibyihe byacu bikurahe?”
  9. What is your name? – “Izina ryawe ryihe?”
  10. My name is… – “Izina ryange ni…”

English Phrases:

  1. Hello – “Hello”
  2. Yes – “Yes”
  3. No – “No”
  4. Thank you – “Thank you”
  5. Please – “Please”
  6. Excuse me – “Excuse me”
  7. Goodbye – “Goodbye”
  8. How much is this? – “How much does this cost?”
  9. What is your name? – “What’s your name?”
  10. My name is… – “My name is…”

Learning a few words and phrases in Kinyarwanda can enhance your travel experience and demonstrate respect for the local culture. Most Rwandans appreciate when tourists make an effort to communicate in their language, even if just a little. English is also widely understood, especially in urban areas and among the younger population, so you’ll have no trouble communicating in English if needed.

Where to Stay? 🏨

Rwanda offers a range of accommodation options to suit various preferences and budgets. Whether you’re looking for luxury, comfort, or something more budget-friendly, you can find suitable places to stay in Rwanda. Here are some options:

  1. Luxury Hotels: Rwanda has several high-end hotels, especially in the capital city, Kigali. These hotels offer luxurious amenities, including spas, fine dining, and beautiful views. Some notable options include the Serena Hotel, the Kigali Marriott Hotel, and the Radisson Blu Hotel and Convention Centre.
  2. Boutique Hotels: For a more intimate and personalized experience, consider boutique hotels in Kigali and other cities. They often feature unique decor, local charm, and excellent service.
  3. Lodges and Eco-Resorts: Rwanda’s stunning natural beauty is a prime attraction. Consider staying at eco-friendly lodges and resorts in places like Volcanoes National Park and Nyungwe Forest. These accommodations offer proximity to the country’s remarkable wildlife and landscapes.
  4. Guesthouses and Bed and Breakfasts: Throughout Rwanda, you can find guesthouses and B&Bs that provide comfortable and more affordable accommodation. This is an excellent option for travelers seeking a homely atmosphere and interaction with locals.
  5. Budget Hotels: Budget travelers can find affordable hotels and hostels in major cities like Kigali and other tourist destinations. These may offer basic amenities but provide great value for money.
  6. Rwanda Cultural Experience (RCE) Guesthouses: These unique accommodations allow you to immerse yourself in Rwandan culture. You’ll stay with local families, sharing meals and experiences, offering an authentic and educational experience.
  7. Camping and Glamping: In some natural and wildlife areas, camping and glamping (luxury camping) options are available for those who wish to get closer to nature.
  8. Airbnb: You can find a variety of Airbnb listings, including apartments, private rooms, and even entire homes, offering flexibility and local experiences.
  9. Youth Hostels: There are youth hostels in Rwanda, primarily in Kigali, which cater to budget-conscious travelers.

When choosing where to stay in Rwanda, consider factors such as your budget, the region you plan to visit, and the type of experience you’re seeking. It’s advisable to book your accommodations in advance, particularly during peak tourist seasons, to secure your stay. Rwanda’s tourism industry is growing, and the country offers excellent choices for travelers seeking comfort and unique experiences.

What to Eat? 🍽️

Rwandan cuisine is simple yet flavorful, with an emphasis on fresh and locally sourced ingredients. When visiting Rwanda as a tourist, be sure to try the following must-try foods:

  1. Ugali: Also known as “posho” or “sadza” in other African countries, ugali is a staple food made from maize flour and water. It’s similar to a dense porridge and is often served with stews and sauces.
  2. Brochettes: These are skewers of marinated and grilled meat, typically beef, goat, or chicken. They are a popular street food and are often served with a spicy sauce.
  3. Isombe: Isombe is a hearty stew made from cassava leaves, peanuts, and palm nuts. It’s often served with rice and can also include meat or fish.
  4. African Sweet Potato: Rwandans grow various varieties of sweet potatoes, which are a common side dish. They are roasted, mashed, or fried and make a nutritious accompaniment to meals.
  5. Akabenz: This dish features fried plantains, usually served with a spicy sauce. It’s a popular side dish in Rwanda.
  6. Sambaza: These small, fried fish are a popular snack in Rwanda, especially near Lake Kivu. They are often served with a squeeze of lemon.
  7. Peanut Sauce: Peanut sauce is a common accompaniment to many Rwandan dishes. It’s rich and creamy, adding depth of flavor to stews and meats.
  8. Matoke: Matoke is a dish made from green bananas, often mashed and cooked with spices and vegetables. It’s a common side dish.
  9. Ibihaza: Ibihaza is a Rwandan specialty made from fermented cassava leaves, often served with a peanut sauce and meat.
  10. Kachumbari: This is a fresh tomato and onion salad that serves as a refreshing side dish. It’s often spiced with green chilies for some heat.
  11. Injera: Injera is a type of flatbread made from fermented teff flour. While it’s more commonly associated with Ethiopian cuisine, it can be found in some Rwandan restaurants.
  12. Agatogo: Agatogo is a traditional dish made from ground peanuts, maize, or cassava. It’s mixed with water to form a thick, dough-like consistency.
  13. Uburo: Uburo is a mixed vegetable dish typically prepared with spinach, carrots, and green beans. It’s served with a peanut sauce and can include meat or fish.
  14. Ibyenda: Ibyenda is a traditional Rwandan beverage made from sorghum or maize. It’s fermented and has a mild alcoholic content.
  15. Fruit: Rwanda is known for its delicious tropical fruits, such as pineapple, papaya, bananas, and passion fruit. These fruits make for refreshing snacks and desserts.

Exploring Rwandan cuisine is an essential part of experiencing the country’s culture. You’ll find a variety of local dishes and flavors that reflect the country’s unique culinary heritage. Don’t miss the opportunity to try these foods at local restaurants, markets, and street stalls during your visit to Rwanda.

What to See? 🔍

Rwanda is a beautiful and diverse country with a range of attractions that cater to nature lovers, history enthusiasts, and cultural explorers. Here are some must-see places for tourists in Rwanda:

  1. Volcanoes National Park: Known for its mountain gorilla trekking, this park is one of Rwanda’s most iconic destinations. You can also spot golden monkeys and hike to the summits of several volcanoes.
  2. Kigali Genocide Memorial: This powerful memorial in the capital, Kigali, commemorates the 1994 genocide and educates visitors about its history. It’s a moving and essential visit to understand Rwanda’s past and progress.
  3. Akagera National Park: Located in eastern Rwanda, this park offers opportunities for game drives to see a variety of wildlife, including elephants, hippos, giraffes, and numerous bird species.
  4. Lake Kivu: The largest of Rwanda’s great lakes, Lake Kivu is a stunning destination for relaxation and water activities. The lakeside towns of Gisenyi and Kibuye offer beautiful scenery and watersports.
  5. Nyungwe Forest National Park: This tropical rainforest is home to a diverse array of wildlife, including chimpanzees and other primates. Hiking, canopy walks, and birdwatching are popular activities.
  6. Ethnographic Museum (Huye): This museum provides insights into Rwandan culture, history, and traditions, including displays on traditional crafts, rituals, and social structures.
  7. Iby’Iwacu Cultural Village: Located near Volcanoes National Park, this village offers visitors a chance to learn about and experience Rwandan culture, including traditional dances and craft-making.
  8. Rwanda Art Museum (Kigali): This museum showcases contemporary and traditional Rwandan art and is a great place to explore the country’s vibrant artistic scene.
  9. King’s Palace Museum (Nyanza): This historical site provides a glimpse into the pre-colonial history of Rwanda and features a reconstructed royal palace.
  10. Ntarama Church: Like the Kigali Genocide Memorial, Ntarama Church is a somber but essential visit. It serves as a memorial and museum to commemorate the genocide.
  11. Kigali: The capital city itself is worth exploring. You can visit local markets, try Rwandan cuisine, and explore the city’s growing art and cultural scene.
  12. Musanze Caves: These natural caves offer a unique underground experience. They are part of a larger lava tube system created by volcanic activity.
  13. Kibungo: A town with a stunning cathedral and beautiful views, Kibungo is a lesser-known destination that provides a serene and cultural experience.
  14. Rugezi Swamp: Located in the Northern Province, this wetland area is great for birdwatching and nature walks.
  15. Ishema Ryacu Fair Trade Women’s Center: Visit this women’s center in Kayonza to learn about traditional crafts, textiles, and support local artisans.

Rwanda’s attractions offer a rich blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and historical significance. Whether you’re interested in wildlife, history, or simply exploring the country’s landscapes, Rwanda has something to captivate every traveler.

What to Do? 📸

Rwanda offers a wide range of experiences for tourists, from exploring its stunning natural beauty to delving into its rich culture and history. Here are some must-do things when visiting Rwanda:

  1. Gorilla Trekking in Volcanoes National Park: This is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to see mountain gorillas in their natural habitat. It’s essential to obtain a permit and embark on this unforgettable adventure.
  2. Golden Monkey Tracking: In the same park, you can also track and observe golden monkeys, a unique and endangered species.
  3. Chimpanzee Trekking in Nyungwe Forest: Nyungwe Forest National Park is home to chimpanzees, and you can go trekking to observe these fascinating primates.
  4. Canopy Walk in Nyungwe Forest: Experience a breathtaking canopy walk high above the forest floor, offering panoramic views of the treetops and wildlife.
  5. Visit Lake Kivu: Enjoy the stunning scenery of Lake Kivu, relax on the beaches, and try water sports like kayaking, boat trips, or even hot springs.
  6. Visit the Kigali Genocide Memorial: This powerful memorial provides insights into the tragic history of the 1994 genocide and is a moving experience that educates visitors about Rwanda’s past and reconciliation efforts.
  7. Hike to Mount Bisoke Crater Lake: Located in Volcanoes National Park, this hike takes you to a beautiful volcanic crater lake at the summit, offering incredible views.
  8. Rwanda Art Center: Explore Rwanda’s vibrant art scene and support local artists at the Rwanda Art Center in Kigali.
  9. Musanze Caves Exploration: Visit the Musanze Caves and explore underground passages created by volcanic activity. Guided tours are available.
  10. Taste Rwandan Cuisine: Sample traditional Rwandan dishes such as ugali, brochettes, and isombe. Don’t miss the chance to try Rwandan coffee and tea.
  11. Local Markets: Visit local markets in Kigali and other towns to shop for crafts, textiles, and fresh produce. The Kimironko Market in Kigali is a popular choice.
  12. Cultural Villages: Experience Rwandan culture by visiting cultural villages like Iby’Iwacu near Volcanoes National Park. Enjoy traditional dances, crafts, and interactions with local communities.
  13. Explore Kigali: Spend time exploring the capital city, Kigali, with its growing art scene, cultural centers, and vibrant local markets.
  14. Mountain Biking: Rwanda offers excellent mountain biking opportunities. Explore the countryside and forests on two wheels, and even ride to Lake Kivu.
  15. Birdwatching: With over 700 bird species, Rwanda is a birdwatcher’s paradise. Nyungwe Forest and Akagera National Park are excellent birdwatching destinations.
  16. Attend a Local Event or Festival: Check the calendar for local events, cultural festivals, or celebrations, which can provide insight into Rwandan traditions.

Rwanda offers a diverse range of experiences that cater to nature enthusiasts, history buffs, and those looking for cultural immersion. Be sure to plan your itinerary to include a mix of these activities to make the most of your trip to this beautiful and culturally rich country.

Culture and Safety 🦺


  1. Respect for Others: Rwandans are known for their politeness and respect for one another. When interacting with locals, always be courteous and use polite language. Greetings are important in Rwandan culture, so a simple “Mwaramutse” (good morning) or “Mwiriwe” (good afternoon) can go a long way.
  2. Dress Modestly: While Rwanda is relatively liberal, it’s important to dress modestly when visiting religious sites and in rural areas. In larger cities, Western-style clothing is common, but it’s best to cover up a bit more in more conservative regions.
  3. Local Customs: Familiarize yourself with local customs and traditions. For example, when invited to someone’s home, it’s customary to bring a small gift like fruit, sweets, or a soft drink.
  4. Photography: Always ask for permission before taking photos of people, especially in rural areas. Some locals may not be comfortable with photography.
  5. Greetings: Greetings are essential in Rwandan culture. Learn basic Kinyarwanda greetings to show respect and engage with locals. A warm smile and handshake are also common greetings.


  1. Health Precautions: Rwanda is a safe country, but it’s essential to take health precautions. Make sure you have up-to-date vaccinations and consider anti-malarial medication if traveling to certain areas. Drink bottled water and use mosquito repellent.
  2. Travel Insurance: It’s advisable to have comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies and trip cancellations.
  3. Road Safety: While Rwanda has made improvements to its road infrastructure, driving conditions can still be challenging due to hilly terrain and road conditions. If you plan to drive, ensure you have a valid international driver’s license.
  4. Public Transportation: If using public transportation, exercise caution and ensure the vehicle is in good condition. Use licensed taxis and reliable tour operators.
  5. Currency Exchange: Be cautious when exchanging currency. Use official exchange services or banks rather than informal street money changers.
  6. Safety in Cities: Kigali, Rwanda’s capital, is considered one of Africa’s safest cities. Still, use common-sense safety measures like keeping an eye on your belongings in crowded areas and avoiding isolated places at night.
  7. Emergency Services: Familiarize yourself with emergency contact numbers in Rwanda, including the police (112) and medical services (912).
  8. Natural Hazards: Rwanda is prone to occasional landslides, floods, and earthquakes. Keep informed about local conditions and follow any advice from local authorities.
  9. Cultural Sensitivity: Remember that Rwanda’s history includes a tragic genocide. Be sensitive when discussing this topic and avoid engaging in discussions about it with locals unless they initiate it.
  10. Local Advice: Seek advice from locals and your accommodation on safe areas and best practices. They can provide valuable insights into local safety conditions.

Rwanda is generally a safe and welcoming country for tourists, but it’s important to stay informed about local conditions and practice common-sense safety measures during your visit. By respecting the culture and taking necessary precautions, you can have a memorable and secure trip to this beautiful nation.


For tourists visiting Rwanda, this enchanting country offers an opportunity to connect with nature, encounter majestic mountain gorillas, and witness the remarkable progress and unity that have emerged since a challenging past. From the verdant rainforests of Volcanoes National Park to the vibrant streets of Kigali, Rwanda promises an unforgettable journey filled with both natural wonders and heartfelt hospitality.