Vatican City Travel Guide – Everything You Need to Know

Vatican City, the world’s smallest independent state, holds a unique and sacred place in the hearts of millions of people around the globe. Nestled within the heart of Rome, Italy, this city-state is not just a religious epicenter but also a captivating destination for tourists. As you step foot into Vatican City, prepare to be immersed in a rich tapestry of art, history, and spirituality.

What’s the Best Time to Visit? 📅

The best time to visit Vatican City as a tourist largely depends on your preferences, as the city-state can be enchanting year-round. However, there are a few considerations to keep in mind:

  1. Spring (April to June): Spring is a popular time to visit Vatican City. The weather is generally pleasant, with mild temperatures and blooming gardens. It’s a great time to explore outdoor attractions, such as St. Peter’s Square and the Vatican Gardens. Keep in mind that it can be crowded during this season, especially around Easter, so plan your visit accordingly.
  2. Autumn (September to October): The fall season is another favorable time to visit Vatican City. The weather is still pleasant, and the summer crowds begin to diminish. You can enjoy more comfortable temperatures while still experiencing the beauty of the city.
  3. Winter (December to February): While the winter months are less crowded, the weather can be chilly, and there’s a higher chance of rain. However, if you prefer a quieter and more serene experience, this might be a good time to visit. Additionally, you can witness the beauty of Christmas decorations and festivities if you visit in December.
  4. Avoiding Peak Tourist Seasons: To minimize crowds and get a more intimate experience, it’s advisable to avoid the peak tourist seasons, particularly during the summer months (July and August). This is when many tourists flock to Rome and Vatican City, and you might encounter long lines and high temperatures.
  5. Mid-Week Visits: Visiting Vatican City on a weekday, particularly Tuesday through Thursday, can help you avoid the weekend crowds and long lines at popular attractions.

Ultimately, the best time to visit Vatican City depends on your preferences for weather and crowd levels. Regardless of when you choose to visit, make sure to check the Vatican’s official website for any special events, closures, or holidays that might affect your plans.

What’s the Best Way to Get Around? 🚌

Vatican City is a small city-state, and most of its major attractions are within walking distance of each other. Here are the best ways to get around Vatican City as a tourist:

  1. Walking: Walking is the most popular and convenient way to explore Vatican City. The city is compact, and you can easily visit key attractions like St. Peter’s Basilica, St. Peter’s Square, the Vatican Museums, and the Apostolic Palace on foot. This allows you to take in the sights and details at your own pace.
  2. Segway Tours: Some tourists opt for guided Segway tours, which can be a fun and efficient way to cover more ground while learning about the city’s history and landmarks. However, it’s essential to follow safety guidelines and stay within designated areas.
  3. Hop-On Hop-Off Bus Tours: While Vatican City itself is quite small, you can take hop-on-hop-off bus tours that include stops at various points of interest within Rome, including Vatican City. These tours provide a convenient way to see the city from a different perspective, and you can disembark when you reach Vatican City.
  4. Taxis: Taxis are readily available in Rome, and you can easily find one to take you to Vatican City. Once you’re there, however, walking is still the most practical means of getting around.
  5. Public Transportation: Rome’s public transportation system, including buses and the metro, can get you close to Vatican City. However, you’ll still need to walk the last part of the journey within the city-state. Public transportation is a cost-effective way to access the Vatican, but it may not be the most convenient for getting around within Vatican City itself.
  6. Golf Carts: Vatican City offers golf cart tours that take you around the city’s highlights with the convenience of motorized transportation. These can be a good option if you have limited mobility or want to cover more ground in less time.

Remember that when visiting Vatican City, it’s important to dress appropriately, as there are dress code requirements, especially when entering St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums. Additionally, check for any specific guidelines or restrictions related to transportation and visits, especially during special events or religious occasions.

What’s the Official Language?

The official language of Vatican City is Italian. However, due to the international nature of Vatican City and its significance to the Roman Catholic Church, you’ll also hear Latin used in various religious and ceremonial contexts.

Here are some common Italian phrases and words that can be helpful for tourists when visiting Vatican City:

  1. Hello – Ciao
  2. Good morning – Buongiorno
  3. Good afternoon – Buon pomeriggio
  4. Good evening – Buonasera
  5. Goodbye – Arrivederci
  6. Please – Per favore
  7. Thank you – Grazie
  8. Yes – Sì
  9. No – No
  10. Excuse me – Mi scusi
  11. I don’t understand – Non capisco
  12. Do you speak English? – Parla inglese?
  13. How much is this? – Quanto costa questo?
  14. Where is…? – Dove si trova…?
  15. Restroom – Bagno
  16. Help – Aiuto
  17. I need a taxi – Ho bisogno di un taxi
  18. Water – Acqua
  19. Food – Cibo
  20. Wine – Vino

It’s always a good idea to learn a few basic phrases in the local language when traveling, as it can enhance your experience and communication with the locals, even in a place like Vatican City, where Italian is the primary language.

Where to Stay? 🏨

Vatican City is a tiny city-state, and it doesn’t have a significant number of hotels or accommodations within its borders. Most tourists visiting Vatican City choose to stay in the surrounding areas of Rome. Here are some popular areas to stay in Rome when visiting Vatican City:

  1. Prati: This neighborhood is one of the closest to Vatican City and offers a wide range of hotels, guesthouses, and vacation rentals. It’s a great choice if you want to be within walking distance of the Vatican Museums, St. Peter’s Basilica, and other attractions.
  2. Borgo: Located right next to Vatican City, Borgo is known for its charming streets and proximity to St. Peter’s Basilica. You can find hotels and guesthouses in this area.
  3. Trastevere: A picturesque and lively neighborhood on the west bank of the Tiber River, Trastevere is a short distance from Vatican City. It’s filled with restaurants, bars, and accommodations that offer a taste of authentic Roman life.
  4. Historic Center: Rome’s historic center is home to many of the city’s most iconic landmarks, and it’s well-connected to Vatican City by public transportation. Staying in this area allows you to explore Rome’s historic attractions as well.
  5. Termini Station: The area around Roma Termini, the central train station, has a wide variety of hotels and provides easy access to Vatican City and the rest of Rome via public transportation.
  6. Piazza Navona/Pantheon: These are charming areas in the heart of Rome and are also well-connected to Vatican City. You can find boutique hotels and accommodations with character in these neighborhoods.

Keep in mind that Rome’s public transportation system is efficient, so even if you don’t stay right next to Vatican City, you can easily reach it by bus, tram, or metro. It’s a good idea to book your accommodations in advance, especially during the tourist season, to secure your preferred options. Consider your budget, preferences, and the attractions you plan to visit when choosing where to stay in Rome while exploring Vatican City.

What to Eat? 🍽️

Vatican City is a tiny city-state, and it doesn’t have a distinct culinary identity of its own. However, when you visit Vatican City, you’ll likely explore the culinary offerings of Rome, which is just a stone’s throw away. Here are some must-try foods to enjoy in Vatican City and Rome:

  1. Cacio e Pepe: This classic Roman pasta dish consists of simple but delicious ingredients—spaghetti, pecorino cheese, and black pepper. It’s a creamy, flavorful treat.
  2. Carbonara: Another Roman pasta favorite, carbonara is made with eggs, Pecorino Romano cheese, guanciale (cured pork jowl), and black pepper. The result is a rich and creamy pasta dish.
  3. Pizza: While Naples is renowned for pizza, you can still find excellent pizza in Rome. Try classic Margherita or other varieties like Quattro Stagioni (Four Seasons).
  4. Supplì: These are Roman-style rice balls, similar to arancini. They are often filled with a gooey mozzarella center and deep-fried to perfection.
  5. Gelato: Italian gelato is famous worldwide. Savor flavors like Stracciatella (chocolate chip), Pistachio, and Tiramisu at gelaterias in Rome.
  6. Roman-Jewish Cuisine: Explore the unique dishes of the Roman-Jewish tradition, such as fried artichokes (carciofi alla giudia), and enjoy Jewish-style artichokes and other delicacies in Rome’s Jewish Ghetto.
  7. Amatriciana: A pasta sauce made with tomatoes, guanciale, Pecorino Romano cheese, and red pepper flakes. It’s a flavorful and slightly spicy option.
  8. Tiramisu: For dessert, don’t miss the classic Italian dessert, Tiramisu. It’s a delightful concoction of coffee-soaked ladyfingers layered with mascarpone cheese and dusted with cocoa.
  9. Porchetta: This is a popular street food in Rome—a succulent, slow-roasted, and seasoned pork sandwich.
  10. Maritozzo: A traditional Roman pastry, maritozzo is a sweet, soft bun filled with whipped cream.
  11. Artichokes: Rome is known for its delicious artichokes. Try carciofi alla romana, which are braised artichokes with garlic, mint, and lemon.
  12. Wine: Italy produces a wide variety of excellent wines. Enjoy a glass of local Italian wine to complement your meal.

While in Vatican City, you’ll find plenty of restaurants and cafes that serve these Roman and Italian specialties. Be sure to savor the local flavors, and don’t hesitate to ask for recommendations from locals or fellow travelers to discover hidden culinary gems in the area.

What to See? 🔍

Vatican City, although small in size, is filled with numerous must-see places for tourists, most of which have immense cultural and historical significance. Here are the top attractions you shouldn’t miss when visiting Vatican City:

  1. St. Peter’s Basilica (Basilica di San Pietro): The largest and one of the most important churches in the world, St. Peter’s Basilica is renowned for its breathtaking architecture and artistic masterpieces, including Michelangelo’s Pieta and Bernini’s baldachin. Don’t forget to climb to the top of the dome for a panoramic view of the city.
  2. St. Peter’s Square (Piazza San Pietro): The iconic square in front of St. Peter’s Basilica is a grand open space where major papal events and gatherings occur. It’s also surrounded by impressive colonnades designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
  3. Vatican Museums: This vast complex of museums houses an extraordinary collection of art and historical artifacts. The highlight is the Sistine Chapel, famous for Michelangelo’s awe-inspiring ceiling frescoes, including “The Creation of Adam.”
  4. Sistine Chapel: As part of the Vatican Museums, the Sistine Chapel deserves special mention. Michelangelo’s magnificent frescoes, including the Last Judgment on the altar wall, make this chapel a true masterpiece of Renaissance art.
  5. Vatican Gardens (Giardini Vaticani): Explore the lush and beautifully landscaped Vatican Gardens, which are only accessible by guided tours. They provide a serene contrast to the bustling city.
  6. Apostolic Palace: This is the official residence of the Pope and the administrative center of the Catholic Church. While you can’t enter the private apartments, you can view parts of the Apostolic Palace during guided tours.
  7. Apostolic Library (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana): Home to an extensive collection of rare books and manuscripts, the library is not typically open to the public but can be visited on special guided tours.
  8. Vatican Pinacoteca: This museum houses a stunning collection of paintings, including works by Raphael, Caravaggio, and Leonardo da Vinci.
  9. Raphael Rooms (Stanze di Raffaello): Part of the Vatican Museums, these rooms are famous for their frescoes painted by Raphael. The School of Athens is a standout work in this series.
  10. Apostolic Palace of Castel Gandolfo: Located about 24 kilometers from Vatican City, this papal palace and gardens are worth a visit. You can explore the papal apartments, visit the Apostolic Palace’s Barberini Gardens, and take in stunning views of Lake Albano.

Remember to check the opening hours, ticketing information, and dress code requirements when planning your visit to Vatican City, as there are specific rules and regulations in place to respect its religious and cultural significance.

What to Do? 📸

While Vatican City is a small city-state, there are several must-do activities and experiences for tourists to make the most of their visit. Here are some essential things to do when you’re in Vatican City:

  1. Visit St. Peter’s Basilica: Explore the awe-inspiring St. Peter’s Basilica, not only for its religious significance but also for its stunning architecture and renowned works of art. Don’t forget to climb the dome for a panoramic view of the city.
  2. Attend a Papal Audience: If the Pope is in residence and conducting a Papal Audience, consider attending one. It’s an opportunity to see the Pope and receive his blessing.
  3. Explore the Vatican Museums: Spend time exploring the Vatican Museums, home to an extensive collection of art and historical artifacts. The Sistine Chapel, with its ceiling painted by Michelangelo, is a highlight.
  4. See the Sistine Chapel: While in the Vatican Museums, make sure to experience the breathtaking Sistine Chapel. Michelangelo’s masterpieces, including “The Creation of Adam,” adorn the ceiling and the Last Judgment graces the altar wall.
  5. Admire the Raphael Rooms: Within the Vatican Museums, the Raphael Rooms are a series of stunning frescoes by Raphael. The School of Athens is a famous work within this collection.
  6. Stroll in St. Peter’s Square: Take a leisurely walk through St. Peter’s Square, surrounded by Bernini’s iconic colonnades, and marvel at the grandeur of the space and the central obelisk.
  7. Explore the Vatican Gardens: Join a guided tour to explore the lush and meticulously maintained Vatican Gardens, a peaceful oasis within the city-state.
  8. Participate in a Guided Tour: Consider taking a guided tour of Vatican City and its attractions to gain a deeper understanding of its history, art, and significance.
  9. Visit the Apostolic Palace: While you can’t enter the Pope’s private apartments, you can explore some areas of the Apostolic Palace, including the Apostolic Library and the papal apartments on guided tours.
  10. Appreciate the Art: Take time to appreciate the various art collections in Vatican City, such as the Vatican Pinacoteca and the Christian and Missionary Museum. Don’t forget to admire the architecture and sculpture throughout the city.
  11. Enjoy the Sights and Sounds: Vatican City offers numerous plazas, fountains, and quiet corners where you can soak in the atmosphere, reflect, and enjoy the serenity.
  12. Attend Mass: If you’re a practicing Catholic, attending Mass at St. Peter’s Basilica or one of the Vatican’s smaller churches can be a spiritually significant experience.
  13. Shop for Souvenirs: Visit the Vatican’s gift shops for religious and artistic souvenirs, books, and mementos of your visit.
  14. Take Photos: Capture your memories with photos of the stunning architecture, artworks, and scenic views within Vatican City.
  15. Respect Dress Code: Remember to dress modestly and adhere to the dress code requirements when visiting religious sites within Vatican City.

Before your visit, check the opening hours, availability of guided tours, and any specific event schedules to plan your experience accordingly. Vatican City offers a rich cultural and spiritual journey that can be deeply rewarding for tourists.

Culture and Safety 🦺

Culture and safety are important considerations when traveling to Vatican City as a tourist. Here’s what you need to know:


  1. Religious Respect: Vatican City is the spiritual center of the Roman Catholic Church, and the majority of the city’s attractions are religious in nature. It’s important to show respect for the religious and cultural traditions of the Vatican. Dress modestly when visiting religious sites, covering your shoulders and knees.
  2. Photography: While photography is generally allowed in many areas of Vatican City, some places, such as the Sistine Chapel, strictly prohibit it. Always follow posted rules and guidelines regarding photography.
  3. Language: Italian is the official language of Vatican City. While many staff members in the Vatican’s tourist services speak English and other languages, it’s helpful to learn a few basic Italian phrases to show respect and facilitate communication.
  4. Timeliness: Be punctual for guided tours or special events, as Vatican City operates on a strict schedule.


  1. Pickpocketing: Like any major tourist destination, Vatican City and its surrounding areas in Rome can attract pickpockets. Keep a close eye on your belongings, use a money belt or secure bag, and avoid carrying large amounts of cash.
  2. Scams: Be cautious of street vendors or individuals selling items around Vatican City. Stick to reputable shops and businesses to avoid scams.
  3. Crowds: Vatican City can get extremely crowded, especially during peak tourist seasons. Be prepared for long lines, and consider booking tickets in advance to skip the queue if possible.
  4. Health and Safety: Ensure you have travel insurance that covers medical emergencies. Familiarize yourself with the location of medical facilities and pharmacies in the area.
  5. Cultural Respect: While Vatican City is a tourist destination, it’s also a religious site. Be mindful of your behavior and maintain a respectful demeanor, especially within religious buildings.
  6. Traffic and Transportation: Be cautious when crossing streets in Rome, as traffic can be chaotic. Familiarize yourself with the city’s public transportation system if you plan to use it.
  7. Weather: Be prepared for the weather, as extreme heat in the summer and rain in the winter can affect your experience. Dress appropriately and carry water and sun protection during the warmer months.
  8. Emergency Contacts: Know the local emergency numbers in Vatican City and Rome. The emergency number for police is 112, and for medical emergencies, it’s 118.

By respecting the local culture and staying alert to your surroundings, you can ensure a safe and enjoyable visit to Vatican City. Always be prepared, plan ahead, and be mindful of local customs and rules to make the most of your experience in this unique destination.


In conclusion, a visit to Vatican City is an extraordinary journey that transcends the boundaries of traditional tourism. It’s a place where faith and history converge to offer an experience like no other. Whether you’re a devout Catholic or simply an enthusiast of art, culture, and history, Vatican City will leave an indelible mark on your soul. So, when you plan your next adventure, don’t miss the opportunity to explore this remarkable destination and witness the timeless wonders it has to offer.